Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids that can cause discomfort, redness, and crusting. It can be caused by various factors, including bacterial infections, skin conditions, and allergies.

Understanding the root causes is essential to develop an appropriate treatment plan. In this article, we will explore the different “Causes of Blepharitis and How to Manage Them“. From proper eyelid hygiene to prescribed medications, we will provide you with actionable steps to relieve symptoms and prevent flare-ups.

Whether you are experiencing blepharitis firsthand or want to learn more about this condition, this article has you covered. Discover the causes and gain the knowledge you need to effectively manage blepharitis.

Blepharitis is a common eye condition that occurs on the eyelids where eyelashes grow. It leads to inflamed, irritated, and itchy eyelids.

While the symptoms may manifest differently in individuals, the root causes often remain hidden beneath the surface. Identifying these elusive triggers is crucial in managing and preventing the recurrence of this discomforting eye ailment.

There are primarily two types of blepharitis:

  • Anterior Blepharitis: Affects the outside front of the eyelid where eyelashes attach.
  • Posterior Blepharitis: Linked to dysfunction of the Meibomian glands within the eyelids that secrete oils to help lubricate the eye.

Causes Of Blepharitis and How to Manage Them

Understanding the causes of blepharitis and how to manage them is a key element in avoiding infection. Blepharitis can be caused by a variety of factors and these include:

Bacterial Infections

One of the primary hidden causes of blepharitis is bacterial overgrowth along the eyelid margin. The accumulation of bacteria, particularly Staphylococcus aureus, can lead to the development of blepharitis. This overgrowth, often unnoticed, can trigger inflammation and contribute to the chronic nature of the condition.

Skin Conditions

Underlying skin conditions such as seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff) and rosacea can play a significant role in exacerbating blepharitis symptoms. These conditions contribute to inflammation and flaking, which can impact the delicate eyelid area.


Allergies, particularly allergic conjunctivitis, have been linked to flare-ups of blepharitis. The immune response triggered by allergies can worsen inflammation along the eyelids, leading to discomfort and irritation.

Clogged or Dysfunctional Meibomian Glands

When the Meibomian glands become clogged or dysfunctional, it can disrupt the production of oils that are essential for maintaining a healthy tear film. This disruption can lead to blepharitis development.

Factors that may increase the risk of developing blepharitis include:

  • Poor eyelid hygiene.
  • A history of skin conditions.
  • Certain medical conditions like diabetes.

Common symptoms include:

When it comes to blepharitis, there are several signs and symptoms that can indicate the presence of this condition:

  • Redness: The edges of the eyelids may appear red and swollen.
  • Swelling: The eyelids can become puffy and inflamed.
  • Itching and Burning: Individuals with blepharitis often experience itchiness and a burning sensation in their eyes.
  • Discomfort: There may be a general feeling of discomfort or irritation around the eyes.
  • Flaky skin: The region around the eyes become whitish and flakes form.
Posterior Blepharitis
Posterior Blepharitis

Diagnosing blepharitis typically involves a comprehensive examination of the eyelids and lashes. Your eye care professional will assess your symptoms, examine your eyelids, and may perform additional tests, such as skin or blood tests to determine the underlying cause of your condition.

Eye Examination
Eye Examination

Blepharitis is a chronic condition that requires ongoing management to alleviate symptoms and prevent recurrences. Here are some key strategies for treating and managing blepharitis:

Treatment may include:

Antibiotic Ointments or Drops

In cases of bacterial blepharitis, antibiotics may be necessary to eliminate the bacteria causing the infection. Antibiotic ointments or eye drops may be prescribed by your eye care professional. It’s important to follow their instructions carefully to ensure effective treatment.

Steroid Eye Drops

In certain types of blepharitis, such as anterior blepharitis or seborrheic blepharitis, inflammation plays a significant role in symptom development.

Steroid eye drops can help reduce inflammation and provide relief. However, long-term use of steroids should be monitored and managed by an eye care professional to avoid potential side effects.

Eyedrop Application
Eyedrop Application

Effective home remedies include:

1. Daily Eyelid Hygiene

Maintaining a regular routine of eyelid hygiene is crucial in managing blepharitis symptoms. This involves gently cleaning the eyelids and lashes to remove debris, oil, and bacteria. To properly clean your eyelids:

  • Moisten a clean washcloth or cotton pad with warm water.
  • Gently rub the base of your eyelashes, using a circular motion.
  • Repeat this process for both upper and lower eyelids.
  • Avoid using harsh soaps or cleansers that can irritate the eyes.
2. Warm Compresses

Applying warm compresses to the eyelids can provide relief from symptoms and improve the function of the Meibomian glands, which produce the oil that helps lubricate the eyes. To use warm compress therapy:

  • Soak a clean washcloth in warm water.
  • Close your eyes and place the warm compress over your eyelids.
  • Keep it on for 5-10 minutes, reheating as needed.
  • Gently massage your eyelids afterward to help express any clogged oils.

Warm Eye pad Compress
Warm Eye Pad Compress

Managing blepharitis is an ongoing process that may include:

  • Regular eyelid cleaning.
  • Managing underlying skin conditions.

Preventive measures include:

  • Maintaining good eyelid hygiene.
  • Avoiding eye makeup if it aggravates the condition.

In addition to eyelid hygiene and medication, there are other management strategies that can be considered:

  • Omega-3 fatty acid supplements: These supplements have anti-inflammatory properties and may help improve the function of the Meibomian glands.

Omega-3 fatty acid supplements
Omega-3 fatty acid supplements

  • Lid margin scrubs with tea tree oil formulations: Tea tree oil has antimicrobial properties and can help reduce bacteria on the eyelids.
tea tree oil
Tea Tree Oil

  • Hydration: Staying well-hydrated by drinking an adequate amount of water can help maintain overall ocular health and prevent dry eye symptoms often associated with blepharitis.
Young Woman Hydrating
Young Woman Hydrating

By incorporating these strategies into your daily routine, you can effectively manage blepharitis symptoms and minimize the risk of flare-ups. However, it’s essential to consult with an eye care professional for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan based on the severity and underlying cause of your blepharitis. Remember, consistency is key in managing this chronic condition for optimal eye health.

Note: This section does not cover all possible treatments for blepharitis. The information provided here is intended for general knowledge only and should not replace professional medical advice.

It is important to consult an eye care professional if you suspect you have blepharitis. They can provide you with a proper diagnosis and create a personalized treatment plan based on your specific needs.

Two types of eye care professionals can help with blepharitis:

1. Ophthalmologist: An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specializes in eye care. They have completed medical school and further training in eye diseases and surgery. If you have severe or chronic blepharitis, an ophthalmologist may be the best choice for your care. They can perform more advanced diagnostic tests, prescribe medications, and perform surgical procedures if necessary.


2. Optometrist: An optometrist is a healthcare professional who provides primary vision care, including diagnosing and treating eye conditions. They have completed optometry school and are licensed to practice optometry. Optometrists are often the first point of contact for patients with blepharitis symptoms. They can diagnose the condition, prescribe medications, and provide recommendations for managing symptoms.


Seek medical attention if you experience:

  • Excessive discomfort or pain.
  • Vision changes or persistent symptoms.

The impact of blepharitis on daily life and ocular comfort can be quite significant. The uncomfortable truth is that this condition can lead to various complications if left untreated. Some potential complications include:

  • Styes: These are red, painful lumps that can form on the eyelid when an oil gland becomes blocked.
  • Chalazion: This refers to a firm lump that develops due to blockage in the oil glands of the eyelids.
  • Dry Eye Syndrome: Blepharitis can contribute to dry eye by affecting the quality of tears produced, leading to discomfort and vision disturbances.
  • Cornea Damage: Long-term blepharitis can affect the health of the cornea, which is crucial for clear vision.

Remember, early detection and treatment of blepharitis are crucial to prevent complications and maintain optimal eye health. If your symptoms worsen or persist despite self-care measures, it is important to seek professional help.

Blepharitis can be a chronic condition that requires ongoing management. By working closely with an eye care professional, you can receive the proper guidance and support to effectively manage your blepharitis symptoms and improve your overall eye health. Don’t hesitate to reach out for professional help when needed—it’s the best way to ensure that you receive the appropriate care for your specific situation.

For those looking to expand their knowledge on blepharitis and its management, the following resources can be highly beneficial:

  1. American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO): Offers in-depth information on eye health, including detailed articles on blepharitis. A reliable resource for both patients and professionals. Visit AAO.
  2. National Eye Institute (NEI): As a part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, NEI provides comprehensive insights into various eye conditions, including blepharitis, with up-to-date research findings. Explore NEI Resources.
  3. Mayo Clinic: Renowned for its expert healthcare advice, the Mayo Clinic offers extensive information on the symptoms, causes, and treatments of blepharitis. Check out Mayo Clinic’s Information.
  4. WebMD – Eye Health: A valuable resource for understanding eye health conditions. WebMD provides user-friendly guides and articles on blepharitis. Visit WebMD Eye Health.
  5. The British Association of Dermatologists: Provides resources related to skin and eye health. As blepharitis can be related to skin conditions, their insights can be helpful. Go to BAD’s Website.

  • Local Ophthalmologists or Optometrists: Utilize medical directories or local hospital websites to find eye care specialists who can provide personalized treatment for blepharitis.
  • Telehealth Services: For initial consultations or follow-up appointments, telehealth platforms offer convenient access to healthcare professionals.

When should I seek professional help for blepharitis?

Professional help should be sought if symptoms persist despite home care, if the condition worsens, or if you experience severe symptoms such as vision changes or intense pain.

Can untreated blepharitis lead to other complications?

Yes, if left untreated, blepharitis can lead to complications like chronic dry eye, corneal damage, and recurrent infections.

Are there specific dietary supplements recommended for blepharitis?

Omega-3 fatty acid supplements are often recommended for their anti-inflammatory properties. However, it’s best to consult with a healthcare provider before starting any new supplements.

What are some effective ways to manage hidden causes of blepharitis?

Managing hidden causes involves addressing the underlying health issue, whether it’s improving diet, controlling a systemic health condition, or changing a medication under a doctor’s guidance.

Are there any holistic approaches to treating blepharitis?

Holistic approaches can include dietary changes to reduce inflammation, stress management techniques, and supplements like omega-3 fatty acids to improve overall eye health.

What lifestyle changes can help prevent blepharitis?

Maintaining proper eyelid hygiene, reducing exposure to allergens, managing stress, and ensuring a balanced diet can all help in preventing blepharitis.

What are some hidden causes of blepharitis?

Beyond the common causes like bacterial infections or skin conditions, hidden causes of blepharitis can include hormonal imbalances, nutritional deficiencies, and certain medications that affect the skin and eyes.

How do systemic health issues contribute to blepharitis?

Systemic health issues like diabetes, autoimmune disorders, or hormonal imbalances can affect the body’s inflammatory response and oil gland functioning, potentially leading to blepharitis.

Can environmental factors cause blepharitis?

Yes, environmental factors such as exposure to pollutants, allergens, or even chronic eye strain from screen use can contribute to the development of blepharitis.

Why is an accurate diagnosis of blepharitis important?

An accurate diagnosis is crucial because it determines the most effective treatment plan. Misdiagnosis can lead to ineffective treatment and prolonged discomfort.

Are there any home remedies for blepharitis?

Yes, home remedies like applying warm compresses to the eyelids and gently cleaning the eyelids with a mild cleanser can help alleviate symptoms. Omega-3 fatty acid supplements may also be beneficial.

Can blepharitis be completely cured?

While blepharitis can often be managed effectively with treatment, it’s a chronic condition that can have recurrent episodes. Long-term management strategies are crucial for keeping symptoms at bay.

How can I tell if I have blepharitis?

Symptoms of blepharitis include red, swollen, itchy eyelids, a gritty or burning sensation in the eyes, flaky skin around the eyes, and increased tearing. Persistent symptoms should prompt a consultation with a healthcare provider.

Is blepharitis contagious?

No, blepharitis itself is not contagious, but if it’s caused by an infection, the bacteria or virus may be contagious.

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